Most of the business owners don’t want to pay much time to learn about the specifications of a particular server they are using for their online site. However, it pays to get a grasp of what to look out for in a server. There are things you should consider before going out and buy a server to make sure you’re not getting less of what you are really looking for in terms of your needs.
Before going down to the specifics of different server products offered by companies, you have to know the general information about it.
Server does a very important role in a network. Server is basically a computer on a network that manages the access of centralized information and services by many computers in the network. In a multiuser system the server is the responsible for the central storage of files and management of computer jobs. For example:
- File Server – is a computer that makes the files available to a network of computers. It is responsible in controlling the access to files such as documents, databases, images, sound files, videos, audios, etc.
- Print Server – is a computer that allows computers in the network to have a file or set of files printed to a single printer. It connects the printer to the networking allowing the clients to print from different computers.
- Web Server – is a computer the delivers web pages. It refers to either the software of hardware that is responsible in launching a website into the World Wide Web. This server allows people from around the world to access your web page through internet.
Now, those are just different kinds of servers but there is much more to learn about server. The server that is used in an office by small number of people is different from a server that is used in the World Wide Web. The basic difference is the numbers of clients they can handle of cater. The server that sits in an office with let’s say 5 to 10 computers can only handle such number while the web server can manage access to your website by hundreds of thousands and even millions of clients. The web server is also much reliable than the small server. The web server is placed in a special facility designed to support round-the-clock service. It is maintained by IT specialists from time-to-time. It is provided with first-line up to third-line of power supply so to maintain stability in its functioning even in the event of power interruption. Also web server is much secured than the server in an office.
There are many server products available today. You might have heard about windows, Linux, Mac, and other server brand names. Now, let’s take a look at the first two products the Windows server and Linux server.
What are the features of Windows server? We have been taught more specifically about windows server than any other server. Windows Server 2012 is the latest version released by Microsoft.
- Windows server 2012 has two versions – standard and data center.
- The Standard has only 2 server virtualization
- The data center you are allowed unlimited virtual server instances.
- It is available in 64-bit only.
- It can support up to 64 CPUs
- It can support up to 4TB of RAM
- It can be used up to 2 processor
- Moreover, the server manager is:
- Totally re-designed and it starts automatically
- It has Dashboard where the issued with your servers are displayed
- In terms of protecting your files the windows server introduces Resilient File System which provides instant recovery of your file from corruption. It uses “Copy on Write” method to recover the file. It has also CHKDSK utility which will fix data corruption issued in few seconds.
How secure the windows server is?
In terms of access here are the features of windows:
- It secures remote access without VPN
- DirectAccess is much easier. There is no need for multiple Direct Access
- There is no need for many public IP address
- On the other hand, let’s examine the features of Linux server.
What are the advantages of Linux?
- First and foremost it is free. It is an open source
- It has so many software
- Linux/UNIX operating systems is very stable and robust.
- You can use Perl, PHP, MYSQL databases
- With Linux/Unix you can use cgi scripts
- When it comes to management, it has GUI which allows simplified interaction with the computer.
Linux/UNIX server has been used by large corporations because it is easy to deploy in large numbers since it is an open source. In terms of security Linux/UNIX it has improved security features.
Whether you use Windows or Linux/UNIX you have to bear in mind that both have their own place. They have their own advantages and disadvantages but going back to the question at hand would help you decide which is which.